Africa remains the largest continent and the poorest and the most mismanaged part of the universe. However, we must admit that all is not lost. Africa has never remained the same after the decolonization period. So much has happened and there is no doubt that Africa as a continent gets increasingly a complex reality that must be analysed from global perspective.
The division of Africa into Magreb, Sahel, South Sahara, Western, Eastern, North-South, and Central puts Africa still in a serious dilemma. Each region has its own challenges and containing such challenges under the African Union still remains a real paradox. The AU strategy has been marred with poor leadership and bad governance in most states. The trend of new dictatorship and intolerance of oppositions make most of the African countries lose hope in the future. Frequent violence in certain regions especially the Great Lakes Region is threatening the future prosperity that can lead to illusions.
The dramatic foreign policy AU has made to turn towards the East, the Brics Region, or rather, China as their option for economic rapid development may not be sustainable. Most of the wealth accrued from this new partnership end up in the hands of corrupt leaders. Yet we all know that it is borrowed money which is accrued in foreign public debts that shall only make the African economy sink deeper.
The Republic of Kenya is incurring over 1.7 trillion shilling of public debt. It is GDP cannot sustain the needs for development and to improve lives of the majority poor families. Over borrowing, over stealing and over spending has dragged the entire economy into a scenario of great collapse of the economic sector. The collapse of business institutions such as Uchumi, Nakumatt and many others is a sign of this crisis. A country that cannot pay its health staff, its civil servants, and cannot provide safe water, food, health services to its people is destined to dangerous future. The argument is, you cannot borrow money to provide food to feed the population. This means, you borrow and spend on consumables that might not be commensurate to the general capacity of production of the country.
DRC which is ever in turmoil due to interventions from foreign neighboring governments with vested interest, does not hold any proper future of peace and development. The areas of Kivu and Bukavu are tormented with frequent attacks which the government cannot stop. It is just but a shame of Africa. The ongoing fights in the Central African Republic and other parts of the continent may not be part of the solution of the African problem.
Leadership is still a big problem. As so long as Mugabe hangs on power until death, Museveni gearing for life presidency, Kagame, Paul Biye, and many others think of permanent presidency and oppressing the opposition leaders is unstoppable. Most of the African countries have problem with governance and this cannot be resolved without people taking action to define their destiny. It also appears that Euro-American powers are washing their hands from Africa. The People’s Republic of China might not be interested in shaping the African leadership for something better than what it is because it is the beneficiary of the mess.
Any scholar and thinker of the African issues shall tell you that Africa is still lacking focus and insights for a better future. Many African countries are still susceptible to exploitation and oppression from foreign powers. As much as leaders go to the Eastern bloc as beggars does not help such countries have lasting solution to their economic problems. In other words, Africa cannot yet stand alone and govern itself without precipitating into civil war, genocides, and even serious armed conflicts such as in the South Sudan.
The situation is not so good in the Eastern Africa. Western Africa and Southern Africa countries are all sharing similar plights. It is not the era of focused leadership such as Hail Salasse, Kwame Nkurumah, Kenneth Kaunda, Nelson Mandela, Julius Kabarage Nyerere, Diouf, and few others. The majority of leaders lack focus and insights into the future for the continent. They are lured with investments from the multinationals and China. Economic globalization characterized in the Foreign Direct Investments may not enable many poor African states to overcome their economic situation.
Am optimistic however, that there is light at the end of the tunnel. Majority of African people are getting increasingly aware of the monster that makes them suffer. I realize that many youth today tend to deviate from the traditional trends of thinking and this may make change happen. There is more interest in entrepreneurship and innovations. Youth today seek to be creative and innovative. There is a tendency of swaying away from dependency politics.
I invite all readers to share their views on this story. Your opinion counts.